Trials & Litigation
Jurors considering the tax and bank fraud case against Donald Trump’s former campaign manager, Paul Manafort, asked the judge on Thursday to redefine “reasonable doubt.”
Ellis answered that reasonable doubt is a doubt based on reason, and the government is not required to prove guilt beyond “all possible doubt.”
Manafort’s lawyer, Kevin Downing, said the question about reasonable doubt is “a good sign,” according to USA Today.
Other questions concerned a definition, the law regarding offshore bank reports and help regarding exhibits. According to the Washington Post, the jurors’ questions indicate they are considering some defense arguments. The New York Times said the jurors’ questions “could mean either that they were befuddled by some of the charges or that they understood enough to ask specific questions.”
Manafort is charged with bank fraud, tax evasion and failure to report foreign bank accounts. Ellis has been tough on the lawyers during the case, telling them to “rein in your facial expressions,” urging prosecutors to speed up testimony and clashing with prosecutor Greg Andres during testimony by Manafort’s former deputy.
Prosecutors contend Manafort was paid millions of dollars for consulting work for Ukraine’s former president, putting money in secret offshore accounts and hiding income from the IRS.
One of the four questions concerned the need to file Foreign Bank Account Reports, known as FBARs, for people who don’t own more than 50 percent of a company and have no signatory authority, but have the authority to control disbursements. Manafort’s lawyers suggested at trial that Manafort may not have believed he needed to file the reports because the offshore accounts were set up by Manafort’s company, and his wife owned half the firm after 2011, according to Washington Post coverage.
Ellis read jurors the jury instruction that said a person must file FBARs when he or she “controls the disposition of money, funds or other assets held in a financial account by direct communications.”
Another question asked for a definition of “shelf company;” the typical term is “shell company,” according to the New York Times. Prosecutors had contended Manafort used shelf companies in Cyprus to control the offshore accounts and move Manafort’s money, according to the Post. Ellis told jurors to rely on their collective recollection to define the term.
Jurors also asked whether the exhibit list could be amended to list indictment counts related to exhibits. Ellis answered no.